Trigger Point Massage Therapy
Trigger Point Therapy, also known as Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction release, is a highly effective pain and stress release protocol. Body mechanics and assessment play a critical role in evaluation and release of myofascial trigger points so as to elongate and relax muscle fibers. Tight muscles by definition, are “shortened” thereby affecting other muscles and/ or various muscle groups causing the “referred pain” associated with trigger points. For example, trigger points along the “hip” can caused referred pain across the lower back and down the outside leg.
Myofascial trigger points, also known as trigger points, are described as hyperirritable areas in skeletal muscles. Trigger points can be felt as nodules (knots) or taut bands in muscles fibers. Trigger points propagate radiating pain from local tenderness to broader areas, sometimes distant from the trigger point itself.
Compression of a trigger point may elicit local tenderness, referred pain, or local twitch response. The local twitch response is not the same as a muscles spasm. This is because a muscle spasm refers to the entire muscle contracting whereas the local twitch response refers to the entire muscle but only involves a small twitch, no contraction.
Trigger Points have a negative effect on flexibility, mobility, correct joint function, for example, the hinge joints of the knees and the ball and socket joints of the shoulders.
The greatest advantage of Trigger Point is that it focuses on maintaining overall balance with both physical and mental health. Patients who wants to avoid the side effects of drugs or a chemical based treatment can adopt this effective massage technique to alleviate their pain. Trigger Point massage therapy is now becoming a more common therapy method due to its focus on specific problems rather than providing a general treatment.
The chart below demonstrate how un-treated trigger points can result in lower back and leg pain.
Sciatic Pain Pattern caused by Tigger Points in Piriformis Muscle.